Rugby is a form of football that is played by two teams of either 13 or 15 people using an oval ball (in rugby league play). The football practiced at Rugby School in England is where rugby union and rugby league got their start. In 1823, Rugby School student William Webb Ellis disobeyed the rules of the time, which stated that the ball could only be kicked forward, by picking up the ball and running with it during a match. As a result, rugby football as we know it today was born. By the early 1900s, when foundation myths for baseball and Australian rules football were also being created, this “historical” basis of the game had already become firmly entrenched. There is no concrete proof that the incident actually occurred, despite the fact that it was mentioned by the Old Rugbeian Society in a report on the game’s beginnings in 1897 and it is known that Webb Ellis was a pupil at Rugby School at the time. The first rules of the game that would later become rugby union football were created there in 1845, and Rugby School, the institution that gave the sport its name, played a crucial role in the development of rugby football.
With clubs and national teams in places as varied as Japan, Côte d’Ivoire, Georgia, Uruguay, and Spain, rugby is now a well-liked sport throughout the globe. One of the fastest-growing sports in the globe among women is rugby. At the turn of the 21st century, the International Rugby Board (IRB; founded in 1886 as the International Rugby Football Board), headquartered in Dublin, boasted more than 100 affiliated national unions, though at the top level the sport was still dominated by the traditional rugby powers of Australia, England, France, Ireland, New Zealand, Scotland, South Africa, and Wales.
The game practiced at Rugby School gave rise to rugby football, which former students later introduced to their universities.
Albert Pell, a former student of Rugby School, is attributed with creating the first “football” team while attending Cambridge University. During this early time, the major private schools all had their own set of rules, with former students from Rugby and Eton trying to carry their preferred rules over to their universities. The creation of written rules at Rugby School in 1845, followed by the creation of the Cambridge Rules in 1848, was an important development in the early history of rugby football.
Formed in 1863, the national governing body The Football Association (FA) started codifying a set of universal football rules. The Rugby School’s rules of the game permitted both of these common and legal strategies, but the new ones explicitly forbade them. Players were also not permitted to hack (kick players in the shins). The Blackheath Club and several other teams that supported the “Rugby Rules” left the FA in protest at the imposition of the new regulations. Despite the fact that these clubs quickly chose to outlaw hacking, the division remained permanent, and the clubs that had favored the Rugby Rules established the Rugby Football Union in 1871, whose code came to be known as “rugby football,” while the clubs that had favored the FA’s codified rules.
In 1895, there was a major schism within rugby football in England in which numerous clubs from Northern England resigned from the RFU over the issue of reimbursing players for time lost from their workplaces. The split highlighted the social and class divisions in the sport in England. Although the rules of the game were not a factor in the split, the breakaway teams subsequently adopted some rule changes and this became the separate code of “rugby league”. The RFU’s code thereafter took on the name “rugby union” to differentiate it from rugby league, but both versions of the sport are known simply as “rugby” throughout most of the world.
- Rugby does not use elbow pads or helmets.
- You must throw the ball to your friends backwards. No moves in front. The number of times a squad can pitch the ball back and forth is up to them.
- No obstruction is present to help your runner.
- Equally, everyone tackles and sprints with the ball. Every player on the rugby field will run with the ball and tackle more than 20 times per game, unlike American gridiron football where two or three guys get all the glory and the rest of the squad is never given the chance to prove themselves and run for a score. This game is for you if you were an offensive lineman who never carried the ball and never made a hit! Everyone will play linebacker and rushing back. The squad will assume its predetermined positions once a dead-ball scrum has formed, but as soon as chaos breaks out, all players will run and tackle while carrying the ball.
- You have one second after being grappled to release the ball and consciously “fumble” it. Once you are out of the pile and back on your feet, don’t approach it again.
- Once you’ve been tackled, you can’t take up the dropped ball until you’ve stood up. One of the most frequent penalties against novice players is this one. In order to take up the ball, you must be standing. On a loose ball, one cannot lunge.
- Before making any direct contact with the opposing team when you are on defense and a tackled player is brought to the ground, make sure you are on your side of the scrumage line. Offside is a penalty that is frequently assessed to athletes of all skill levels. When a defending player is pursuing a runner from behind, this occurs. To make contact on the ruck pile, the defensive player must run around it and approach from the opposite side. If you’re discovered not being on sides on a loose ruck pile, you’ll lose a lot of yardage.
- Each squad will field 15 players for the contest.
- If you lose the ball while running down the field after a teammate pitches it to you and you receive a penalty. It’s known as a tap on. The other team will immediately receive possession of the ball there. As you can see, dropping or knocking the ball by their goal-scoring end zone while deep in your own area is the kiss of death. To reduce these penalties, we perform ball handling drills a lot during practice.
- Unlike football, rugby does not experience downs. If an offensive team can consistently win the ruck pile and shove the tackled player aside to win the ball and regain control, they may have the ball for 20 consecutive phases or downs. It’s crucial to constantly follow your ball bearer and be in support of them. Four offensive players sprinting directly behind the ball carrier when your offensive player is tackled should be able to push over the two or three defensive players at the tackle area or the ruck pile. The defense will simply step over the ball and the ball carrier to gather up the loose ball if there are no offensive players in support and the ball carrier is tackled. The offensive player has one second to throw the ball. If there is no immediate offensive support, the defensive side will simply pick it up and flee. Being in support and having four players immediately behind a ball handler is crucial. You are there for a pitch-pass in number one and a ruck over to capture the ball in number two.